Shoot and fruit borer is the most destroying pest of brinjal plant.
The larva of brinjal shoot and fruit borer burrows into the petioles and delicate shoots. It brings about the hanging of leaves and shedding of flower buds.
Severe harm is essentially caused to the creation of fruits by the caterpillars as they burrow inside the fruits.
A single caterpillar may devastate upwards of 4-6 fruits. Harmed fruits show circular exit holes.
The entry holes on the brinjal fruit can likewise be seen plugged with excreta along these lines making the fruits unsuitable for consumption and marketing.
The pest is dynamic all during the year in places having a moderate atmosphere. The moth is a medium measured grown-up with earthy colored and red markings on the forewings.
The female moth lays around 250 eggs independently on delicate shoots and creating fruits of brinjal.
The caterpillar is pink in color and covered with scantily circulated hairs everywhere on the body.
Fully grown larva measures around 20 mm long and pupates in an extremely smooth casing on the plant itself. The whole life cycle is finished in 3-6 weeks.
There are five covering ages in a year. Develop less helpless assortments, for example, Pusa purple round, brinjal long green, Pusa purple bunch, brinjal round white.
Consistent cropping or ratooning might be evaded. Change the hour of planting by relocating up to the 4th week of June. Plunge the underlying foundations of the seedlings for 3 hours in an imidacloprid arrangement arranged at 1ml/lit before transplanting.
Carry outshoot cutting activity at week after week span. Gather and obliterate influenced shoots and fruits.
Apply neem cake at 250kg/ha at 30 days in the wake of relocating. Keep pheromone traps at 12 nos./ha
Spray SUPER SAFAYO, LAUNCHER or carbaryl 50WP at 2g/lit beginning from one month after transplanting at 15 days interval.
Soil application of FILE – G at 30kg/ha 10 days subsequent to relocating is additionally exceptionally successful. The development of brinjal under secured development (net house condition) is found to diminish the occurrence of shoot and fruit borer.
|Crop(s)||Common Name of Pest||Dosage/ha||Duration in water
in water (Ltr)
|waiting Period between
last spray to harvest
|Brinjal||Fruit & Shoot borer||10||200||500||3|